Latest Research

The most up to date research on the costs of economic inequality.


Community life and social relations

Inequality is a social divider. It reduces rates of trust and encourages a ‘us vs. them’ mentality, thus, breaking down social ties and cohesion.

Precarious Work Precarious Lives: How Policy can Create more Security

Living with Uncertainty: The Social Implications of Precarious Work

Inequality and trust

Growing Apart, Losing Trust? The Impact of Inequality on Social Capital

Income Inequality, Life Satisfaction Inequality and Trust: A Cross Country Panel Analysis

Happiness, social cohesion and income inequalities in Britain and Japan

Wealth and the Inflated Self: Class, Entitlement, and Narcissism

Mental health and drug use

The negative effects of inequality on mental health and drug use have been widely proven, both with potentially detrimental, long-lasting effects of individuals’ lives. Illegal drugs use is more common in less equal societies.

Reducing health inequalities in mental illness

UN World Drug Report 2019: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Physical health and life expectancy

Physical health is poorer and life expectancy, including for infants, is shorter in countries with bigger income differences between the rich and the poor.

Health Profile for England 2017

Public Health Outcomes Framework - Health Equity Report

Public Health Matters Blog - Life Expectancy

Health Inequalities in Europe: Setting the Stage for Progressive Policy Action

Obesity: wider income gaps, wider waists

Obesity rates are significantly higher in more unequal societies. The US, for example, has one of highest rates of inequality and also obesity, at almost 40%.

Obesity and Inequities - WHO

Educational performance

Educational scores are closely linked to income inequality.

Making the link: education, health, and inequality

An Anatomy of Economic Inequality in the UK

State of the Nation 2013: social mobility and child poverty in Great Britain

Inequality in Early Childhood Education and Care: What Do We Know?

Ten Hypotheses about Socioeconomic Gradients and Community Differences in Children’s Developmental

The relationship between income inequality and inequality in schooling

Education and Income Inequality: New Evidence From Cross‐Country Data

The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality: Educaiton and Inequality

Teenage births: recycling deprivation

Women of a lower socioeconomic status are more likely to give birth as a teenager in more unequal places.

Adolescent Birth Rates, Total Homicides, and Income Inequality In Rich Countries

Why is the Teen Birth Rate in the United States So High and Why Does It Matter?

Teen births, income inequality, and social capital: developing an understanding of the causal pathway

Income inequality and early non-marital childbearing

Violence: gaining respect

The most well-established cause of high levels of violence is the scale of economic inequality.

Why is violence more common where inequality is greater?

Income Inequality and Crime: A Review and Explanation of the Time–series Evidence

Income inequality, trust and homicide in 33 countries

Income Inequality and School Bullying: Multilevel Study of Adolescents in 37 Countries

School bullying, homicide and income inequality: a cross-national pooled time series analysis

Imprisonment and punishment

Income inequality is linked to higher prisoner rates and harsher punishments.

Crime, Punishment, and American Inequality

The relationship between welfare spending and imprisonment

Inequality and Punishment: A Turning Point for Mass Incarceration?

Explaining imprisonment in Europe

Social mobility: unequal opportunities

Intergenerational mobility is harshly affected by inequality and income differences lock societies' social structures.

Cherishing All Equally 2019: Inequality in Europe and Ireland

How Much Can We Learn From International Comparisons Of Intergenerational Mobility?

Income Inequality, Social Mobility, and the Decision to Drop Out of High School

Income Inequality, Intergenerational Mobility, and the Great Gatsby Curve: Is Education the Key?

Inequality from generation to generation: the United States in Comparison

Elitist Britain 2019

A Broken Social Elevator? How to Promote Social Mobility

House of Commons Library: Inequality and Social Mobility

House of Commons Library: Social Mobility Index by Constituency SMIC

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